Xinjiang: the establishment of a joint-stock electric power trading center

  • 天山网- 新疆新闻门户
  • 2016-09-08 16:12:48

In September 7th, the national development and Reform Commission (NDRC) posted a message that the national development and Reform Commission (NDRC) and the State Energy Administration officially approved the the Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region electric power system reform pilot project (hereinafter referred to as "the program"), and agreed to carry out a comprehensive pilot project for the reform of the power system in Xinjiang.

The reporter learned from the autonomous regional development and Reform Commission and the Xinjiang electric power company of the national network that Xinjiang will carry out a comprehensive pilot project on the reform of the power system according to the requirements of the plan, according to the market configuration, government regulation, safety and reliability, improving efficiency, market competition, ensuring people's livelihood, saving energy and reducing emissions.

According to the plan, the main contents of the reform of Xinjiang power system include: completing the design of the power market framework scheme, completing the approval of the transmission and distribution price, forming the electricity price outside the public welfare, forming the pricing mechanism of the electricity market, and completing the construction and operation of the establishment and trading platform of the relative independent trading institutions, To make sure the market access standards and trading rules; to perfect the direct trading mechanism of electricity and to open up the direct trading of electricity in the industry and commerce; to carry out the pilot of the sale of electricity sales, to form a diversified and fully competitive market pattern of the power generation side and the electric side, and to further expand the direct trading share of the cross provincial and cross-border market power. The modern electricity market is highly efficient and competitive.

In the letter of approval, we need to adhere to three principles: first, adhere to the principle of market pricing, not take administrative orders and other measures that violate the direction of reform, reduce the electricity price artificially; and two, adhere to the principle of equal competition, open the sale of electricity business and incremental distribution business to the eligible market subject equally. The three is to adhere to the principle of energy saving and emission reduction, and the enterprises which should carry out the differential electricity price and punitive price in accordance with the regulations should not borrow machine to provide preferential electricity price and electricity allowance.

The reform of electric power system is a systematic project, and the readjustment of the interest structure. The plan calls for orderly, effective and prudent advance in power reform on the basis of consensus among all parties. We will gradually expand the scope of the reform of electricity transmission and distribution prices, and carry out pilot projects in the reform of the electric side and the establishment of a relatively independent operation of electricity trading institutions.

It is understood that since the "12th Five-Year", Xinjiang's electric power industry has achieved rapid development. In 2015, the installed capacity of the power generation reached 66 million 80 thousand kilowatts, of which the installed capacity of renewable energy power generation increased rapidly, accounting for 42.3% of the total installed capacity. The construction of the power grid has been speeded up, forming a 750 thousand volt main grid structure from east to Hami, West to Yili, and Kashi to the south, and two 750 thousand volts passageways in the northwest network. Hami South Zhengzhou ± 800 thousand volt HVDC transmission project, construction of East China East (South Anhui) ± HVDC power transmission project.

Industry insiders say that Xinjiang's diversified electricity market system has been formed initially, the formation mechanism of electricity price is gradually perfected, electricity market trading and supervision are constantly advancing, but the development of electricity industry is still facing the lack of transaction mechanism, low utilization efficiency of resources, unrationalized price relations and the incomplete formation of market pricing mechanism; The capacity of peak load regulation is insufficient, and renewable energy is facing difficulties such as difficulty in accommodation.

Four highlights of Xinjiang electric reform program

The plan for the establishment of shareholding power trading center will make clear the establishment of the stock system Xinjiang electric power exchange center, to reform the stock system of the existing trading center, separate the transaction business from the power grid enterprises and other business, clear the work interface and work process, and build a transparent and functional electricity trading platform.

Establishing and perfecting the electricity market trading mechanism to improve the power direct trading rules, the power generation rights replacement trading rules, the rules for the implementation of the grid operation and management of power plants, the detailed rules for the implementation of auxiliary service management in the grid connected power plants, the detailed rules for the implementation of the power plant to participate in the peak regulation of the power grid, and so on, to establish the Xinjiang regional unified and various market subjects (including the sale of electricity public). The company participates in the electricity trading mechanism, and explores the establishment and development of the pilot transaction pilot of cross provincial and cross district power direct trading, the pilot of the trans provincial cross district power generation alternative trading pilot, the peak adjustment and other auxiliary service compensation market mechanism, and the renewable energy participation in the market competition mechanism. At the same time, the power market construction plan is formulated, and market transaction supervision methods are formulated.

Selling electricity business to social capital to open up the pilot project of Xinjiang electricity sale side reform, actively cultivating diversified market competition subjects, releasing electricity sale service to social capital, improving the quality of electricity selling service and the level of user energy, forming an effective market competition structure and market system.

On the premise of ensuring the safety and stability of the power grid and the livelihood of the power grid, a full arrangement of renewable energy generation is made on the premise of ensuring the safety and stability of the power grid and the livelihood of the power grid, and the renewable energy generating units, such as hydropower, wind power, photovoltaic power generation, and other renewable energy generating units, and the residual heat surplus and pressure surplus gas generation, gas and coal gas (gas) power generation units are used as a comprehensive utilization unit Power generation space encourages renewable energy and comprehensive utilization of resources, and power generation projects give priority to direct transactions with users.

Background link

A memorabilia of the reform of the power system

In March 2015, the State Council of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of China on further deepening the reform of the power system (No. 9) issued a new round of the prelude to the reform of the power system. The current round of reform involves electricity price reform, power grid independence and liberalization of the market.

The first supporting document at the same time in March 2015 and 9, "the guidance on improving the operation of electricity, regulating the promotion of more clean energy and more full hair", has dropped the first set of reform to the area of clean energy.

In April 2015, the second supporting documents, "notice on improving the power emergency mechanism and doing a comprehensive pilot work on DSM in power demand," was issued.

In April 13, 2015, third supporting documents, "the spirit of carrying out the [2015]9 document, speeding up the reform of the transmission and distribution price" was introduced, and the reform of the transmission and distribution price was opened in the operation area of the national network.

In May 5, 2015, fourth supporting documents, "notice on improving the price formation mechanism of cross-border power trading," were issued to put forward the absolute control of the local government with ≤ 220kV transmission and distribution price, and the central government took over the electricity price of the special project above 500kV.

In March 2016, the provincial power trading centers have been listed, and China's power sector has opened up competitive links and market transactions have entered the stage of full implementation.

On September 6, 2016 and 7, the national development and Reform Commission and the State Energy Bureau approved the pilot scheme of electricity reform and electricity sale in 13 provinces and municipalities.

Original title: Xinjiang will form a joint-stock power trading center